The United Nations announced on Monday, just before the start of the Climate Action Summit in New York, that 66 states have so far adhered to the goal of carbon neutrality in 2050.
The 66 countries join 10 regions, 102 cities and 93 companies, united in the goal of achieving neutrality (no more greenhouse gases than can be absorbed) by the middle of the century, a goal set by scientists. to contain global warming.
The Paris Agreement, reached in December 2015, stipulates that countries must strive to achieve a global rise in temperatures of less than two degrees Celsius (at worst because the ideal is to prevent an increase of more than 1.5 degrees) in relation to the average values of the nineteenth century in the preindustrial age. So far the earth is already a degree warmer than these reference values.
"The climate emergency is a race we are losing but we can win," said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who called the summit and also invited the young Swedish activist Greta Thunberg, known worldwide for the strike initiative. students against governments' inaction in the face of climate change.
Among other announcements, the UN said 68 countries have pledged to officially review their climate action plans by next year, when the 195 signatories to the Paris agreement are due to make new commitments.
There are also 30 countries now joining an alliance that promises to stop the construction of coal-fired power plants from 2020.
. (tagsToTranslate) News Journal (t) JN (t) World