The Iraqi government announced on Sunday a series of social measures in response to protesters' demands and to try to end the protest in the country, which began on Tuesday and has killed nearly 100 people.
Following an extraordinary council, Adel Abdel Mahdi's executive announced a decree with 17 social measures, ranging from housing aid to the provision of pensions to unemployed youth.
A total of 175,000 dinars (around 136 euros) were approved for three months for 150,000 unemployed and unemployed people and it was decided to launch a training program for 150,000 unemployed.
It was also decided to build 100,000 homes after local authorities in various parts of the country began in September the destruction of homes in clandestine neighborhoods where three million Iraqis live, which they built without permission on state land.
The executive also ordered the installation of spaces for street vendors in an attempt to create jobs, particularly among young people, of whom a quarter are unemployed in Iraq.
Youth unemployment is the first claim of the protests that have been going on for almost a week and a sensitive issue in Iraq, where a young man immolated himself in September in southern Kut after being confiscated from his street vending cart.
In addition, authorities accusing “unidentified saboteurs” and “unidentified gunmen” infiltrated of shooting protesters and security forces announced that they had registered the people killed in the protests on the list of “martyrs”, which will give their family members the right to claim damages.
According to the government's Human Rights Commission, at least 99 people were killed and close to 4,000 injured during protests demanding employment, public services and the fight against corruption.
UN calls for an end to violence
The United Nations called on Sunday to end violence in Iraq.
"Five days of dead and wounded … We must stop … Those responsible for the violence must be held responsible," wrote the head of the UN mission in Iraq, Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, on the Twitter social network.
According to the Associated Press, the Iraqi Human Rights Commission estimates that 94 people have been killed and nearly 4,000 injured since Tuesday when the protest movement against corruption, unemployment and service degradation began. public.
The challenge to d'Adel Abdel Mahdi's government is being organized through social networks, with Amnesty International (AI) denouncing the use of lethal weapons by government forces in repression operations.
The escalation in protests and police repression led UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to call for dialogue between the government and the protesters.
Guterres called for immediate action to ease tension and reaffirmed that "freedom of expression and peaceful protest are a fundamental right that must be respected."
However, the Iraqi Government has issued a state of alert and curfew in the capital and three Iraqi provinces: Nayaf (south), Bagdad (center) and Maysan (southeast).
Internet access is partially blocked throughout the territory. Despite the declaration of curfew by the Government, many continued to drive to the capital, transported in pickup trucks.
This Thursday, Iraqi Shiite leader Moqtada Al-Sadr demanded the resignation of d'Adel Abdel Mahdi's government and the holding of early elections.
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