Network scientist Michael Stanton is Brazil's newest representative at the Internet Hall of Fame. The awards ceremony, hosted by the Internet Society, took place this Friday, 9/27, in Costa Rica. Participants in 2019 are recognized for their contributions to the growth of the Internet worldwide.
Michael was honored in the "Global Connectors" category, which recognizes individuals who have made "significant contributions to the development and expansion of internet use on a global scale." Few people know, but it was he, representing PUC-Rio, who requested and received from the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) the first IP address registered on behalf of a Brazilian institution.
"I worked with Marcelo Frutig, who was in charge of the PUC's RDC network, and after a conversation about technology trends we decided to send the request for an IP address block to IANA. But we had no response. To date
We don't know why. We had no email at PUC yet. So just a year later, looking at the world list of IP addresses, we found that ours had already been granted, "he told me years ago.
The number? 18.104.22.168. A class B IP, which at the time was quite common for large institutions. PUC-Rio connected to the Internet in April 1991. The 2.4 Kbp / s circuit between LNCC and FAPESP, which would be part of the future RNP backbone to be funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology, had already been installed. This direct connection between FAPESP and LNCC entered the history of the academic network as the beginning of the creation of a new national data communication network and the milestone of the first redundant link ring of the Brazilian network, as there was an indirect connection between these two. cities from Belo Horizonte.
At that time, it was also up to Michael to advocate the adoption of the TCP-IP standard in Brazil. The Brazilian government had opted for the standard OSI (Open System Interconnection), registered since 1988 as ABNT standard. Telebrá (which controlled the state-owned telephone companies) had been able to formalize the POSIG (Government OSI Policy) for data communication, which stipulated the acquisition of equipment that supported the OSI standard. The tendency to consider TCP / IP only as an alternative prevailed until TCP / IP was also considered an "open standard."
In August 1990, already occupying the post of RNP R&D coordinator, Michael released a proposal for evolution to the academic network through the REDES-L @ BRFAPESP mailing list. The paper advocated the adoption of TCP / IP technology as the standard protocol. In order to accommodate all interests, RNP effectively left the paper in mid-1991 using multiprotocol routers (OSI – TPC / IP) from the creation of state networks. Between 1991 and 1993 RNP concentrated resources and efforts on backbone mounting that would allow the deployment of a nationwide distributed network service, which was the embryo of the Brazilian Internet. Michael participated in the coordination of this project between 1990 and 1993.
Today Michael Stanton serves as network scientist for the National Education and Research Network (RNP), which he helped to create. After a brief withdrawal, he returned to RNP's structure in 2002 and remained there until 2018, serving as Director of Innovation and again as Director of Research and Development. Among the pioneer network projects he coordinated in the country are the redesign of the internal networks of PUC-Rio (1992) and UFF (1998 – the first Brazilian mesh network), of Rede-Rio (Bitnet and Internet phases between 1989 and 1992). , the experimental fiber optic network of the GIGA project (2003-08), the Belém do Pará metropolitan network (MetroBel, considered a prototype of the community education and research networks, Redecomep), and phase 6 of the RNP national backbone.
Michael has also been contributing to the insertion of RNP into the international academic networking community, especially through the evolution since 2003 of Rede Clara, a regional backbone that interconnects academic networks in Latin America; and access to the US, and thus the rest of the world, in collaboration on successive projects with Florida International University (FIU) since 2004. Michael is currently participating in the NSF-funded AarcLight project led by FIU, which he is installing in 2019 new international route between Brazil and South Africa. It also participates in the BELLA project, which builds RedCLARA's new scalable optical backbone, and will be directly connected to Europe's networks through the future EllaLink submarine cable between Brazil and Portugal from 2021 .
Other illustrious Brazilians
The Internet Hall of Fame recognizes individuals around the world who have played an extraordinary role in conceptualizing, building and developing the global Internet. In addition to those who were most visible, it recognizes those who made crucial contributions behind the scenes.
"Ultimately, the success of the Internet depends on people behind the scenes," noted Kathy Brown, who served as President and CEO of the Internet Society from 2014 to 2018. "They embody the fundamental pioneering spirit of the spread of the Internet." some of the network's early evangelists and their work, the basis for many of the digital innovations we see today. "
The criteria for evaluation include:
Impact – The contribution has had an extraordinary impact on the development or growth of the Internet and has been and may still be directly relevant to the continued progress and evolution of the Internet.
Influence – The Internet-related contribution significantly influenced: 1) the work of others in the field; 2) society in general; or 3) another more defined but critical audience or region.
Innovation – The contribution paved the way with original thinking / creativity that set new paradigms, eliminated significant obstacles or accelerated the advances of the Internet.
Scope – The contribution significantly impacted the reach of the Internet among society at large, within key audiences or specific geographies, with global impact.
Michael Stanton is the third to receive Internet Society recognition on behalf of Brazil, after Demi Getschko, Advisor to the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (CGI.br), in 2014; and Tadao Takahashi, the first RNP Project Coordinator, in 2017.
Demi, current Director of the Ponto BR Information and Coordination Center (NIC.br) and advisor to the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (CGI.br), was appointed on April 8, 2014, in Hong Kong, also in the category "global connectors". He was on the team that established the first internet connection in Brazil between Fapesp and the Energy Science Network in 1991, played a key role in defining the country's name and domain system and the rules governing Brazilian registries.
He also played a critical role in the architecture of the Academic Network at Sao Paulo (ANSP) network, which opened on April 14, 1989, connected Fapesp to the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), located in Batavia, Illinois, United States, and, through this, Bitnet (acronym for Because it's time to Network), a network used at the time by e-mail and file transfer services between research institutions.
Brazil's connection to the Internet began to be planned in 1990, when Demi discovered that Fermilab intended to add to existing protocols also TCP / IP (internet protocol), linked to a backbone called Energy Science Network (ESNet).
Already Tadao Takahashi joined the Hall of Fame in 2017. He was the articulator of much of the efforts commented here with the Brazilian government. Without him, perhaps the National Education and Research Network would not have left the paper.
"Tadao should be a separate chapter in the history of the Internet. He is responsible in his CPF for building the Brazilian Internet from the RNP. He had civic courage," Professor Silvio Meira told me years ago.
Between 1988 and 1996 Tadao was the first general coordinator of the RNP, and between 1999 and 2003 he was also the general coordinator of the Information Society Program of the Presidency of the Republic, which generated the Green Paper on Electronic Government.
It is considered one of the main influencers of the Internet regulatory model, and its definition as a value added service, above the Telecommunications service layer. In the 1990s, he commented on the proliferation of ISPs that allowed the Internet not to be, at the time of its commercial use in the country, between 1994 and 1995, Embratel's data communication monopoly.
Founded by Internet pioneers, the Internet Society (ISOC) is a non-profit organization dedicated to ensuring the open development, evolution and use of the Internet. Working in a global community, the Internet Society collaborates with a wide range of groups to promote technologies that keep the Internet safe and secure and advocate policies that enable universal access. The Internet Society is also the organizational headquarters of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).