Iraq on Monday, in a letter sent to the United Nations, asked the Security Council to condemn the US operation that killed Iranian General Qassem Soleimani to prevent the degradation of international relations.
According to the letter sent by the Iraqi ambassador to the United Nations (UN), obtained by France-Presse, the US operation on Iraqi territory on January 4, which killed Qassem Soleimani and Iraqi Lieutenant Abu Mehdi al Muhandis ("number two" of the coalition of pro-Iranian paramilitary groups in Iraq Hachd al-Chaab), "represents an assault on the people and Government of Iraq."
The "flagrant violation of conditions linked to the presence of US forces in Iraq" could lead to a "dangerous escalation" of tensions and "a devastating war in Iraq, the (Middle East) region and the world," the letter continues. . Iraq therefore calls on the UN Security Council to “fulfill its responsibilities and ensure that those who committed these violations, which violate not only human rights but also international law,” are “held responsible”.
In the three-page document, the Iraqi ambassador to the UN does not explicitly request an emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council on this issue, but although the country is not a member of the Council, it can request a meeting through one of 15 countries that make up the body.
The United Nations Security Council is currently composed of five permanent members – the United States, Russia, China, the United Kingdom and France – and 10 temporary members – Belgium, Dominican Republic, Estonia, Germany, Indonesia, Nigeria, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. , South Africa, Tunisia and Vietnam.
This letter follows the announcement on Sunday by the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs of a complaint to the UN.
Also on Monday, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned that diplomatic tensions are "at the highest level" of the century. “Stop the (tension) climb. Exercise restraint to the fullest. Resume the dialogue. They renew international cooperation, ”appealed Guterres.
The situation in the Middle East region has been particularly tense since the death of General Qassem Soleimani, ordered by US President Donald Trump. The attack came three days after an unprecedented two-day attack on the US embassy ended only when Trump announced the deployment of another 750 troops to the Middle East.
Iran has vowed revenge and announced on Sunday that it will no longer respect the limits imposed by the 2015 nuclear treaty with the five countries sitting on the United Nations Security Council – Russia, France, the United Kingdom, China and the USA – plus Germany, and aimed at restricting Iran's ability to develop nuclear weapons. The United States abandoned the agreement in May 2018.